Student, Economic College Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1969. Master of Business Administration, Darden School, University Virginia, 1973. Doctor of Science (honorary), University Massachusetts.
Manager management services Norvic Company, Norwich, England, 1969-1971. Manager international product planning Baxter Travenol, Inc., Deerfield, Illinois, 1973-1974, international marketing manager, 1975-1976. General manager Travenol GMBH, Munich, 1976-1979.
Vice president Hyland Therapeutics division Baxter Travenol, Glendale, California, 1979-1981, executive vice president, 1981-1983. President Genzyme Corporation, Inc., Boston, since 1983, chief operating officer, 1983-1985, Chief Executive Officer, since 1985, chairman, since 1988. Board director Abiomed, Inc., Biotechnology Industry Organization, Pharma.
Research and Manufactures American, Massachusetts High Technology Council, Massachusetts General Hospital, Federal Reserve Bank Boston, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Corp. Board associates Whitehead Institute Biomedical Research. Member Massachusetts Institute of Technology Corporation visiting committee department biology.
Chairman emeritus New England Healthcare Institute, 2002-2006.
Trustee Boston Museum of Science, Harvard Medical School Board Fellows, Biomedical Science Careers Project, 1994., director 1995. Board director Project Hope. Served to 1st lieutenant Netherlands Royal Air Force, 1966-1967.
Fellow: American Academy Arts & Sciences, Royal College Physicians (honorary).