Bachelor (Mayor's scholar), University Pennsylvania, 1949. Master of Arts (G.L. Harrison scholar), University Pennsylvania, 1951. Doctor of Philosophy in French, University Pennsylvania, 1955.
Postgraduate (Fulbright scholar), University Sorbonne, 1953.
Instructor Haverford (Pennsylvania) College, 1953-1956, Hunter College, City University of New York, 1956-1957. Assistant professor Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 1957-1959, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, 1960-1962. Associate professor department Romance languages Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, 1964-1968, professor French and comparative literature, since 1964, retired, 1989.
Founder, executive officer Doctor of Philosophy in French, 1968-1972, deputy executive officer, 1972-1980.
Served with Army of the United States, 1945-1946. Member American Association of University Professors, Modern Language Association, Renaissance Society of America, American Association Teachers French, Phi Beta Kappa.