Bachelor, University North Carolina, 1935. Master of Fine Arts, Yale University, 1938. Postgraduate, Art Students League, 1956.
Stage scene designer, 1937-1942; instructor art, New School Social Research, New York City, since 1965; instructor art, Pennsylvania Academy Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 1973-1988.
With Army of the United States, 1942-1948, United States Air Force, 1948-1953. Member American Abstract Artists, Century Association.