Henry C. Bates was a Vermont lawyer and politician who served as the 40th Lieutenant Governor of Vermont and as a federal judge.
Bates, Henry Clay was born on January 29, 1843 in Derby, Vermont, United States.
He taught school in Vermont and Maine and studied law before enlisting for the Civil War.
A Republican, he served in numerous local offices, including Superintendent of Schools of Guildhall and Town Meeting Moderator of St. Bates also served as Caledonia County State's Attorney from 1880 to 1882 and 1892 to 1894. Bates served in the Vermont House of Representatives from 1896 to 1897. He participated in numerous county and state Republican conventions, and was a Delegate to the 1900 Republican National Convention.
In 1901 Bates was appointed one of the United States Judges for the Philippines Territory. He served until his 1907 resignation, afterwards living in retirement in Berkeley, California. Bates died in Berkeley on March 12, 1909 after having been ill as the result of his service in the Philippines.
He was buried at Smithland Cemetery in Smithland, Iowa, where his wife's family resided.
Bates served as a member of Company C, 4th Massachusetts Heavy Artillery. After the war he was an active member of the Grand Army of the Republic. From 1886 to 1890 Bates was a member of the Vermont Senate and served as Senate President.