Bachelor of Arts University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1922.
Historian of economic thought, whose interest in both the Austrian school and Marx is revealed in Institutional Revenue. This developed into a theory of the socialist economy which involved an original model of ‘market socialism’. Research, London School of Economies and Political Science, London, United Kingdom, 1922-1924.
Assistant Lector, Reader, University Leeds, 1924-1947. Senior Lector, Professor, University Bristol, 1947-1964.