Bachelor, University Pittsburgh, 1953. Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1955. Doctor of Philosophy, University Minnesota, 1959.
Teacher English, Orange (New Jersey) High School, 1953-1955; instructor of communication, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1956-1959; instructor of communication, U. Nebraska, Lincoln, 1959-1960; instructor creative writing, U. Nebraska, Lincoln, since 1957; professor humanities and philosophy, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan, since 1960; distinguished professor philosophy, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan, since 1984; book reviewer, Grand Rapids (Michigan) Press, since 1972. Consultant National Endowment for Humanities, since 1981.
Vice-president theater advisory committee Boarshead Theater, 1987. Member Michigan Council for Humanities (board directors 1980-1984), Mecosta County Council for the Arts (vice president 1984-1988), Mecosta County Council for Humanities (founder 1984).
Married Ada Lou Siegel, May 31, 1953. Children: William, Rosalyn, Bryan.