Bachelor of Arts, Duke University, 1933. Master of Arts, Clolumbia University., 1943, Doctor of Philosophy (Doherty Foundation fellow), 1956. Substitute teacher, 1933-1935.
Agent New York Life Insurance Company, 1935-1937.
Teacher history Rutherford (New Jersey) High School, 1937-1947. Member of faculty department history William Paterson College, Wayne, New Jersey, since 1947, professor of history, 1955-1982, professor emeritus, since 1982, department chairman social science, 1949-1968.
Substitute teacher, 1933—1935. Agent New York Life Insurance Company, 1935—1937. Teacher histry Rutherford High School, New Jersey, 1937—1947.
Member faculty department history William Paterson College, Wayne, since 1947, chairman department social science, 1949—1968, professor history, 1955—1982, professor emeritus, since 1982.
Member Board Education, Wayne, 1962—1964. Chairman New Jersey Public College Salary Committee, 1959—1966. Member of National Education Association, New Jersey State College Faculty Association (past president), New Jersey Education Association, New Jersey History Association, American History Association, American Academy Political and Social Science, Kappa Delta Pi.
Married Lucy Elvira Burleigh, December 23, 1938. Children: Lucy Lee, Mary Margaret.