In 1895, he graduated from Imperial University"s agriculture department, and in the same year entered graduate school to study agricultural engineering and farm implement research. He finished his graduate work on July 10, 1900, and began teaching at the Tokyo Imperial University as an assistant professor
In 1902, he became an associate professor in the agricultural university. He made efforts toward the education of technical experts in the field of arable land readjustment: studying drainage and reclamation engineering. The technology of the arable land readjustment was utilized for the imperial capital revival after the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake of 1923.
In 1916, he became Professor of Imperial University at the university agriculture department, and took charge of the agricultural engineering lecture.
He provided a program of agricultural engineering specialization in the agriculture department. Ueno died of a cerebral hemorrhage in May 1925 while giving a lecture.
A bronze statue commemorating the dog was set up in front of the Shibuya Station in 1934 a year before his death (March 8, 1935). His story has been subject of numerous books and films.