Educated at Rumbek Secondary School and Khartoum University. Studied abroad in Iraq, Britain and the United States.
After serving as an inspector in the Finance Ministry he had an important part at the 1965 conference on the southern question and was appointed Minister of Works and Natural Resources in the first transitional government of 1965. He was switched to Minister of Communications in April 1965 but was dropped two months later by the new Prime Minister Mohamed Mahgoub.
On his return to southern politics he joined Clement Mboro and became secretary-general of the Southern Front. Prime Minister Mahgoub brought hint back into the cabinet in May 1967 as Minister of Labour and Co-operatives. He retained the post after the June 1968 elections, when he was elected to the National Assembly for Juba.
Arrested on May 25, 1969, at the revolution he was kept in gaol without
trial for a year. President Nimeri ordered his release and found him posts with the state corporations. In October 1971 he was appointed Commissioner of Equatoria Province and six months after the peace agreement he was given the No. 2 job to President Abel Alier on the High Executive Council.
One of the leaders of the Southern Sudanese movement, well grounded in economics and experienced in administration as a minister and director of state corporations. A practising Christian, he survived imprisonment without trial by the military regime and emerged without bitterness to play a key role in achieving peace between North and South.