As a teenager, Schramm was awarded a competitive scholarship to study in the United States. The United States government initially refused her a visa, but reversed its decision in the face of publicity, including offers of hospitality from several families (some of them Jewish). Schramm became a prominent European political figure who distinguished herself for helping victims of anti-semitism and Nazi atrocities.
In 1994, she was awarded the Moses Mendelssohn Award from Berlin for her work.
She has also served as vice president of the Berlin City Council. Schramm had a lengthy correspondence with her father while he was Spandau Prison, from which he was released in October 1966.
Schramm is active in politics, and has been a leader of the Green Party in Berlin. She was interviewed extensively in the 2005 docudrama Speer und Er.