Bachelor of science in nursing, Kochi (Japan) Women's University, 1965. Master in Public Health, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 1972. Doctor of Nursing Science, University California, San Francisco, 1982.
Staff nurse Yokohama (Japan) City Hospital, 1965-1967. Associate professor Kochi Women's University, 1973-1980. Professor St. Luke's College of Nursing, Tokyo, 1982-1992.
President, professor College of Nursing Art and Science, Hyogo, Akashi City, Japan, since 1993.
Member Japanese Nursing Association (vice president 1990-1996, president since 1999), International Council Nurses (board directors 1985-1993), Japanese Society Disaster Nursing (president since 1999), Japanese Academy Bioethics (board since 2000).