Log In

Horatio King Edit Profile

Lawyer , Postmaster General

Horatio King was Postmaster General of the United States under James Buchanan.

Background

King, Horatio was born on June 21, 1811 in Paris, Maine, United States. Son of Samuel and Sarah (Hall) King.

Education

Part owner Jeffersonian, 1830, sole owner, 1831, editor, 1832-1838. Superintendent Foreign Mail Service, 1850. Appointed 1st assistant postmaster general by President Pierce, March 28, 1854, served under Pierce and Buchanan, 1854-1861.

Acting postmaster general, January 1861. Postmaster general, February 1-March 8, 1861. Member board commissioner to carry out Emancipation Proclamation in District of Columbia, 1862.

Practiced law, Washington, District of Columbia. Secretary.

Career

Born in Paris, Maine, he received a common school education, and at the age of 18 entered the office of the Paris Jeffersonian, where he learned printing, afterward becoming owner and editor of the paper. In 1833 he moved it to Portland, where he published it until 1838. In 1839 he went to Washington, D.C., having been appointed clerk in the post office department, and was gradually promoted.

In 1854 he was appointed first Assistant Postmaster General, and in January, 1861, while acting as Postmaster General, he was questioned by a member of Congress from South Carolina with regard to the franking privilege. In his reply, King was the first officially to deny the power of a state to separate from the Union. He was then appointed Postmaster General, serving from February 12 until March 7, 1861.

On retiring from office, he remained in Washington, D.C. during the Civil War, serving on a board of commissioners to carry into execution the emancipation law in the District of Columbia. His efforts led to a considerable number of former slaves settling in the District. After his retirement from office, King practiced in Washington as an attorney before the executive department and international commissions.

He was active in procuring the passage of three acts in 1874, 1879, and 1885 respectively, requiring the use of the official "penalty envelope," which has secured a large saving to the government. He also took an active part in the work of completing the Washington Monument, serving as secretary of the Monument Society from 1881. King was a frequent contributor to the press, and published An Oration before the Union Literary Society of Washington (Washington, DC, 1841), and Sketches of Travel.

Or, Twelve Months in Europe (1878). King was buried in Washington's Congressional Cemetery.

Works

  • Other Work

    • Author: Sketches of Travel, 1878.

Membership

Prior to his death, King had been the last surviving member of the Buchanan Cabinet.

Connections

Married Anne Collins, May 25, 1835. Married second, Isabella Osborne, February 8, 1875.

father:
Samuel King

mother:
Sarah (Hall) King

spouses:
Isabella Osborne

Anne Collins