Doctor of Philosophy, University Southern California, Los Angeles, 1992.
Senior lecturer California State University, Los Angeles, since 1995. Assistant professor Whittier College, since 2006. Editorial advisory board member McGraw -Hill Companies, New York City, since 2008.
Commissioner Commission Aging, Monterey Park, California, 1994—1997. Member of Chinese Language Teachers Association, Chinese American Professional Society (board director 2005-2009), Chinese American Faculty Association (vice president 2006-2008, Service award 2005, Research grants 2000).