Certified in illustration, Pratt Institute, 1938. Student, New York Sculpture Center, New York City, 1941. Student, Art Students League, New York City, 1950.
Student (Fulbright fellow), Atelier Fernand Leger, Paris, 1952. Student (Fulbright fellow), Atelier Andre L'Hote, Paris, 1953. Student (Fulbright fellow), Ecole Beaux Arts.
Student (Fulbright fellow), Sorbonne, Paris, 1953.
Served to major infantry United States Army, 1942-1946, European Theatre of Operations. Member National Society Mural Painters, Woodstock Artists Association, Artists Equity, National Society Painters in Casein and Acrylic (life member. Awards include Shiva award 1976, Elizabeth Erlanger award 1978, President's citation of merit 1980, Permanent Pigments, Binney and Smith award 1981, Binney and Smith 1st prize 28th annual 1982, 32d annual 1985.
Henry Gasser Memorial award 29th annual 1983), New York Sculpture Center (life), Audubon Artists (honorary life), Allied Artists American (certified merit 1976, John Young-Hunter Memorial award for oil painting 1980), American Watercolor Society, Painters and Sculptors Society New Jersey, Inc. (award 1975), Knickerbocher Artists (Grumbacher award for acrylic painting 1975, 76).