Bachelor, University of Chicago, 1942; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Chicago, 1946.
Assistant professor, University of Southern California, 1946-1947;
instructor, University of Illinois, 1947-1949;
professor, U. Tennessee, 1949-1957;
professor, Coe College, Cedar Rapids, Iowa., 1957-1965;
department chairman, Coe College, 1959-1965;
department chairman, U. Bridgeport, Connecticut, 1965-1988;
professor emeritus, U. Bridgeport, Connecticut, since 1988. Professor Columbia University, 1952, Idaho State College, Pocatello, 1959, Victoria(B.C., Canada) College, 1961, Moscow State University, 1980, 90, 93, Moscow State Institute International Rels., 1991. Lecturer in field, Tokyo, 1971, 73, Dem.People's Republic of Korea, 1971, India, 1973, 75-76.
Member science county International Institute for Peace. Representative World Peace Conference, United Nations, New York City. Pastmem. advising committee World Peace Conference, Praxis, Yugoslavia.
Presenter in field at international and national conferences.
Past board directors World Fellowship of Faiths. Past sponsor American committee for Protection of Foreign-Born. Member American Association of University Professors (president Coe College chapter 1961-1961, University Bridgeport chapter 1970-1971), American Philosophical Association, Southern Society for Philosophy in Religion (president 1959-1960), Society for Values in Higher Education, Society for Philosophical Study Marxism (president 1962-1963, 87-93, vice president 1963-1987), Foundation for Philosophy of Creativity (board directors), American Institute for Marxist Studies (founding sponsor, board directors), Society Européene de Culture, Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy, World Federation of Science Workers, Hegel Society of America.