In 1928 he obtained his bachelor"s degree at Peking University, and in 1935 he got his Doctor of Philosophy at University of Neuchâtel, Swiss.
After returning to China he taught at National Central University and Peking University, and served as director of the National Geological Survey, president of the Geological Society of China, director of the Southwest Geological Bureau, deputy director of the Academic Division of Earth Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, deputy president of the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences. In 1932 Huang published The Permian Formations of Southern China, which provided the method to subdivide the Permian in China. In 1945 he pioneered to use the theory of polycyclic tectonic movement to treat the geotectonic characteristics of China.
Chinese Academy of Sciences]\r\nIn 1980 Huang receiced an honorary doctorate from the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zurich, and in 1985 he was elected as an honorary member of Geological Society of America.