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I-ku Hu (Wenfu Yiko Hu)

editor , educator , lawyer

Mr. Wenfu Yiko Hu was a Chinese educator and jurisprudent, Professor of Law in the Imperial University in Peking, Dean of Nanyang College, President of the Commission for the Discipline of Judicial Officers and Chief Justice of the Third Civil Court of the Supreme Court in 1920-s.

Background

Mr. Wenfu Yiko Hu was born at Ningbo, Zhejiang province in 1876.

Education

Mr. Hu received his education in the St. John’s College, Shanghai, from 1890 to 1897.

Career

Mr. Hu was editor of the St. John’s Echo from 1895 to 1897. This was the first college paper ever published in China. After his graduation until 1899 Mr. Hu was librarian and Secretary of St. John’s College. In 1899 he left the College and joined the Nanyang College first as an Instructor in English and later as Dear, of the English Department.

In January 1906 Mr. Hu went to America. He studied law in the University of California in 1906. From 1906-1908 he was at the University of Chicago and during 1908-1909 he attended the University of Illinois, where he took his B. A. in 1908 and LL. B. in 1909. In 1908 Mr. Hu edited the “Pocket Chinese and English Dictionary,” published by the Commercial Press Shanghai.

Mr. Hu was a member of the Commonwealth Club from 1906 to 1908; member of the Reynolds Club from 1907 to 1908; member of the Oratorical Association from. 1908 to 1909 and president of the Cosmopolitan Club from 1907'to 1909. He was also a member of the Law Club of the University of Illinois.

After his return to China in September 1909, Mr. Hu became Legal Advisor of the Board of Communications and also member of the Commission for the drawing up of the railway, telegraph, navigation and post laws. He was Professor of Law in the Imperial University, Peking, from 1909 to 1912.

During 1912-1913 Mr. Hu was Dean of Nanyang College Shanghai. In 1913 he was appointed by the Peking government a Justice of the Supreme Court. He became a member of the Chinese Law Club in 1913; member of the Chinese Social and Political Science Association in 1915. Of the latter mentioned association he later became a member of the Executive Council.

In 1917 Mr. Hu became a member of the Commission for the Discipline of Judicial Officers. When China declared war on Germany and Austria in August 1917 he was appointed to take up concurrently the post of Judge of the High Prize Court.

In 1918 Mr. Hu was appointed a Member of the Commission for the Examination of Judicial Officers, this being a concurrent post. In November 1918 he was awarded the Second Class Wenfu, a military decoration. In the spring of 1919 Mr. Hu was sent by the government as special delegate to attend the annual meeting of the Philippine Har Association. In March that year he received the Third Class Paokuang Chiaho. In 1920 at the invitation of the Ministries ofc Foreign Affairs and Justice, he became a member of the Commission for the Study of Judicial Questions. In November of that year he was appointed a member of the Commission for the Examination of Special Judicial Officers.

In March 1921 Mr. Hu was appointed to act as President of the Commission for the Discipline of Judicial Officers. In June 1922 he was appointed a member of the Commission for the Discipline of High Civil Officers. In July 1921 he was appointed an acting Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

In October 1922 Mr. Hu was appointed Acting President of the Commission for the Discipline of Judicial Officers. In December 1922 he was awarded the Second Class Tashou Chiaho. In January 1923 he was appointed Chief Justice of the Third Civil Court of the Supreme Court, Peking.