Ignacy Domeyko was born on July 31, 1802 in present-day Belarus, at Miadzviedka manor near Nesvizh, Minsk Governorate, Imperial Russia. He grew up in a large manor house. The Domeyko family held the Polish coat of arms Dangiel. Ignacy was raised in the family where the traditions of Polish borderland gentry had been profound and kept very much alive; he was raised in an atmosphere of patriotism and deep religiousness. The family ties were of paramount importance. His mother was Karolina Domeyko nee Ancut. His father Hipolit Domeyko was the president of the local land court. He died when Ignacy was only seven. Thus, it was his mother who exerted a big influence on the shaping of Ignacy’s patriotic and religious sentiments. When in his old age Domeyko had returned to his native country from the distant Chile, he expressed his deep gratitude for such upbringing to while praying on his mother’s grave. In spite of having been orphaned by his father, his childhood was serene and orderly. Ever since he was ten, he remained in the care of his paternal uncle.