Student, University Mainz, Rheinland-Pfalz University, 1987—1990. Student, Yale University, 1992. Student, Jefferson Medical School, 1993.
Student, Harvard University, 1994. Doctor of Medicine, Heidelberg Medical School, Germany, 1994.
Resident in psychiatry and psychotherapy University Mainz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, 1994—2001. Attending physician Charité, Berlin, since 2001, professor psychiatry, since 2006.
Member of German Society Addiction, German Society Bipolar Disorders, German Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Neurology, International Society Psychoneuroendocrinology, Association for Neuropsychopharmacology and Pharmacopsychiatry.