1926 graduated Leningrad Soviet Party School. Graduated Leningrad Marxism-Leninism Courses. 1938 graduated Moscow History Institute of Red Professor.
Deputy, USSR Supreme Soviet of 1950,1954 and 1958 convocation. Member, Commission for Foreign Affairs, Soviet of the Union, USSR Supreme Soviet. Deputy, Estonia Supreme Soviet of 1951, 1955 and 1959 convocation.
Presidium member, Estonia Supreme Soviet of 1951 convocation. 1961 headed Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union delegation at 19th Congress of Communist Party Sweden. Until 1923 worked on his father’s farm.
1923-1925 worker in Gatchina Rayon, Leningrad Oblast. 1927-1931 Chairman, Susanin Vil. Soviet; 1931-1936 instructor, Rayon Party Committee, and Secretary, Party Committee, Kommunar Plant, then Head,Department of Propaganda and Agitation in one of Leningrad Rayon Communist Party of the Soviet Union Committee.
1938-1941 senior instructor in principles of Marxism-Leninism, Moscow Petroleum Institute. 1941 Deputy Head,Department of Propaganda and Agitation, Central Committee, Communist Party Estonia. 1944-^18 Director, Institute of Party History, Central Committee, Communist Party Estonia.
1948-1950 Secretary, Central Committee, Communist Party (Bolsheviks) Estonia.