1914 graduated and 1915 postgrad, student, Physico-Mathematical Faculty, Petrograd University.
Since 1951 honorary member, Moscow Mathematical Society. Since 1939 honorary member, London Mathematical Society. Since 1947 honorary member, Indian Mathematical Society.
Since 1953 honorary member Armenian Academy of Sciences. Since 1942 honorary member, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. Since 1950 honorary member, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Since 1944 honorary member, Moscow Nauralist Society. Since 1938 honorary foreign member, Amsterdam Mathematical Society. Since 1947 honorary foreign member, American Academy, of Arts and Science, Boston.
Since 1942 foreign member, Royal Society, London. Since 1947 foreign member, Danish Academy of Sciences. Since 1958 foreign member, Dei Lincei National Academy, Rome.
Since 1946 corresponding member, Paris Academy of Sciences. Since 1950 corresponding member, German Academy of Sciences, Berlin. Since 1950 Honoured Doctor of Philosophy, Oslo University.
Did research on the analytical theory of numbers. New methods which he introduced in this field have had decisive influence on its development. Solved so-called Goldbach Problem and made it possible to solve very wide classes of additive problems.
1918-1920 lecturer, then Professor, Perm University. 1925-1934 Head, Chair of the Theory of Numbers, Leningrad University. 1920-1934 Professor, Leningrad Polytechn.
Since religion offers a complete set of answers to the problems of purpose, morality, origins, or science, it discourages exploration of those areas by suppressing curiosity, denies its followers a broader perspective, and prevents social, moral and scientific progress.