Bachelor, Macalester College, 1944; Master of Arts, Chicago Theological Seminary, 1948; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Chicago, 1957.
Instructor religion, College of Wooster (Ohio), 1952-1956; associate professor religion and philosophy, Missouri Valley College, Marshall, Missouri, 1956-1958; academic dean, professor religion, Illinois College, Jacksonville, 1958-1970; professor religion and philosophy, department chair, Illinois College, Jacksonville, 1970-1988; Dunbaugh Distinguished professor, Illinois College, Jacksonville, 1977-1988; professor emeritus, Illinois College, Jacksonville, since 1988.
President Rotary Club, Jacksonville, 1970-1971. Lieutenant (junior grade) United States Naval Reserve, 1944-1946, PTO. Member American Association of University Professors, Society for Science Study of Religion. M C.
Married Natalee Ruth Carlander, March 1, 1946. Children: Larry, Kenneth, Ruth.