Saint Francis Xavier University (Bachelor of Arts, 1948). Harvard Business School (Master of Business Administration, 1953). Dalhousie University (Bachelor of Laws, 1951).
Appointed Queen"s Counsel, 1965.
Working as a partner of Smith, LYONS, TORRANCE, STEVENSON. Admitted to the bar, 1953, Nova Scotia and Ontario.
Canadian Bar Association. The Canadian Tax Foundation.