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Jacques FRIEDEL Edit Profile

Engineer , physicist , university professor

Jacques Friedel, French physics professor. Decorated grand officer Legion of Honor, Commander Order National Merit; recipient Gold medals National Center for Scientific Research, Ste. Française Metallurgie Paris, Acta Metallurgica, prize Holweck French Society Physics and Institute of Physics, Dannie Heineman prize Academy Göttingen, von Hippel and Italgas awards.

Background

FRIEDEL, Jacques was born on February 11, 1921 in Paris. Son of Edmond Friedel and Jeanne Friedel (nee Bersier).

Education

Friedel attended the Cours Hattemer, a private school. He studied at the École Polytechnique from 1944 to 1946, and the École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris from 1946 to 1948. He graduated from the University of Paris with a Licence ès sciences degree in 1948, then studied at the Metallurgy Laboratory of the School of Mines with Charles Crussard.

He graduated from the University of Bristol with a PhD in 1952, where he studied with Nevill Francis Mott, and a Doctorat d'Etat in Paris in 1954.

Career

Engineer, Ecole des Mines de Paris 1948-1956, Maitre de Conferences, University de Paris 1956-1959. Professor, of Solid State Physics, University de Paris (later Paris Sud) 1959-1989, Director Third Cycle: Exact and National Sciences 1974-1977. President Section 21, Consultative Committee on Universities 1975-1980.

President Consultative Commission, of Scientific and Technology Research 1978-1980. President since 1990. Honorary; Commander Ordre du Merite.

Achievements

  • Friedel was awarded the gold medal of the French CNRS in 1970, elected as a foreign member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1988. He was a fellow of American Physical Society and fellow of European Physical Society. He received in 1964 the Holweck Prize and in 1988 the Von Hippel Award.

    He was appointed a Knight of the Légion d'Honneur, promoted to Officer and subsequently to Commander on 31 March 1989 and to Grand Officer on 30 December 1995. He was promoted to Grand Cross on 14 July 2013.

Membership

With French Cavalry, 1944. Member Academy des Sciences (past president), Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences (honorary), Royal Society London (honorary), American Academy Arts and Sciences (honorary), Leopoldina (honorary), Institute Physics London (honorary), American Physical Society (honorary), National Academy of Sciences (honorary), Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences (honorary), Brazilian Academy of Sciences (honours), European Physical Society (past president), Max Planck Gesellschaft (honorary).

Interests

  • Other Interests

    Avocation: gardening.

Connections

Married Mary Horder, June 2, 1952. Children: Jean, Paul.

father:
Edmond Friedel

mother:
Jeanne (Bersier) Friedel

spouse:
Mary Horder

children:
Paul Friedel

Jean Friedel