Degree in Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, 1946. Postgraduate, Ecole des Mines, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, University Paris., 1954.
Doctor of Philosophy in Physics., University Bristol, England, 1952. Doctorat (honorary), Ecole Polytechnique, Lausanne. Doctorat (honorary), Bristol University.
Doctorat (honorary), Geneva University. Doctorat (honorary), Zagreb University. Doctorat (honorary), Cambridge University.
Engineer, Ecole des Mines de Paris 1948-1956, Maitre de Conferences, University de Paris 1956-1959. Professor, of Solid State Physics, University de Paris (later Paris Sud) 1959-1989, Director Third Cycle: Exact and National Sciences 1974-1977. President Section 21, Consultative Committee on Universities 1975-1980.
President Consultative Commission, of Scientific and Technology Research 1978-1980. President since 1990. Honorary; Commander Ordre du Merite.
With French Cavalry, 1944. Member Academy des Sciences (past president), Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences (honorary), Royal Society London (honorary), American Academy Arts and Sciences (honorary), Leopoldina (honorary), Institute Physics London (honorary), American Physical Society (honorary), National Academy of Sciences (honorary), Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences (honorary), Brazilian Academy of Sciences (honours), European Physical Society (past president), Max Planck Gesellschaft (honorary).
Married Mary Horder, June 2, 1952. Children: Jean, Paul.