Jaime Nunó Roca was a Spanish composer who composed music for Mexico's national anthem.
He was born on September 8, 1824 in Sant Joan de les Abadesses, a town in the province of Girona, in Catalonia, Spain.
Studied music, Barcelona.
There he demonstrated his skill as a soloist in the city cathedral, for which he gained a scholarship to study with the composer Saverio Mercadante in Italy. Upon his return to Barcelona, he was named director of the Queen's Regimental Band in 1851 and travelled with them to Cuba where he met and befriended Antonio López de Santa Anna, the former Mexican president. When Santa Anna returned to Mexico in 1853 to again resume the office of president, he invited Jaime Nunó to lead the Mexican military bands.
His arrival coincided with the national call to compose the Mexican National Anthem. After the overthrow of President Santa Anna, Nunó emigrated to the United States, where he worked as a conductor and opera director. One of the operas he directed toured the Americas in 1864.
After a time in Spain, he returned to the U.S. and settled in New York, where he was found by a Mexican journalist in 1901. When this news reached Mexico, the current president, Porfirio Díaz, invited him to return. He did so and received various honors between 1901 and 1904.
He died in New York on July 18, 1908. In 1942 the Mexican government ordered that his remains be exhumed and interred in the Rotonda de los Hombres Ilustres (Rotunda of Illustrious Men) in Mexico City, where they remain. The family granted access to the personal archive of Jaime Nunó, containing about 5,000 unpublished documents (personal letters, scores, official documents, etc).
All this information allowed Canton and Tovar writing the first complete biography of Nunó. This book had a high media coverage and has been described as "an essential title to understand the musical history of Mexico". Also, in the context of the rediscovery of the figure of Jaume Nunó, his native town, Sant Joan de les Abadesses, opened a museum dedicated to the composer in his birth house, known as El Palmàs.