(PEREGRINAR A COMPOSTELA EN LA EDAD MEDIA)
PEREGRINAR A COMPOSTELA EN LA EDAD MEDIA
Nuno studied music in Barcelona under Mateo Ferrer, director of the cathedral choir, and at ten was admitted to the choir.
Nuno undertook the direction of an orchestra at Sabadell and conducted other small orchestras. He also composed religious music.
In 1851 he became a Spanish army bandmaster and was sent to Cuba to establish military bands in the regiments there on duty. In 1853 the Mexican dictator, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, then in exile in Havana, met Nunó and was so impressed by his ability that on his recall to Mexico as president that same year, he took Nunó with him as general band inspector of the Mexican army. Soon afterward Nunó was appointed one of the two directors of the new National Conservatory of Music in Mexico City.
In 1855, when Santa Anna was again overthrown, Nunó, like most of his protégés and partisans, fled the country, and in 1856 was active in the United States, managing tours for Italian opera singers, acting as orchestra conductor for Sigismund Thalberg, then concertizing in America, and afterward conducting both French and Italian opera in Havana. From 1863 to 1869 he directed opera troupes in Cuba, the United States, Mexico, and Central America, and on June 12, 1864, when the Emperor Maximilian made his state entry into Mexico City, Nunó assisted as bandmaster in the welcome given him.
In 1869 he settled in Buffalo, New York, as a teacher of singing. For four years, 1878-82, he was in Rochester as organist and choirmaster at the cathedral, then he returned to Buffalo and for a time conducted the Buffalo Symphony Orchestra. During these years he wrote many sacred compositions.
Henri Herz, the pianist, touring Mexico in 1849, was surprised to find that the country lacked a national hymn. He offered to set to music a competitively selected poem, and did so. Neither his setting nor the one by Bottesini, composed to Bocanegra's verses (which won a prize offered by Santa Anna in 1853) won popular recognition, however, and in 1854 the Mexican government officially adopted Nunó's "Himno Nacional Mejicano"--already unofficially a favorite. On September 15, 1854, it was given an inaugural performance in the Teatro de Santa Anna in Mexico City with a display of the national flag, speeches, and a salute of cannon. In 1901, Mexican visitors to the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo discovered Nunó in that city. As a result he was invited to Mexico to conduct the singing of his hymn at the ninety-first anniversary of Mexican independence (September 16, 1901). It was performed by a large chorus of school children in Mexico City, and Nunó, after depositing a wreath of flowers on the poet Bocanegra's tomb, was crowned with a golden chaplet and accorded a great ovation.
Nuno was survived by a wife and two children.