Bachelor with honours, University South Africa, 1979. Master of Arts cum laude, University South Africa, 1983. Doctor of Letters et Phil, University South Africa, 1987.
Diploma in Operations Management, University South Africa, 1997.
Commissioned officer South Africa Armed Forces, 1976, lieutenant colonel, 1988, resigned, 1988. Co-founder Institute for Defence Policy, Halfway House, South Africa, 1990. Executive director Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria, South Africa, since 1993.
Presenter and lecturer in field.
Member Civic Education Monitoring Committee, Defence Rationalisation Strategy Committee and Equal Opportunity advisory board for South African Department Defence.