Studied piano with Rosina Lhevinne and Rudolf Serkin studied conducting with Jean Morel, Fausto Cleva and Max Rudolf studied theory and interpretation with Walter Levin student, Juilliard School Music honorary degree, U. Cincinnati honorary degree, New England Cons. honorary degree, Northwestern University honorary degree, State University of New York, Potsdam.
Conductor and pianist. Assistant Conductor, Cleveland Orchestra 1964-1970. Principal Conductor, Metropolitan Opera, New York since 1973, Music Director since 1976, Artistic Director since 1986.
Music Director Ravinia Festival since 1973, Cincinnati May Festival 1974-1978.
Regular appearances as conductor and pianist in Europe and the United States of America with orchestras including Vienna Philharmonic, Berlin Philharmonic, Chicago Symphony, Philadelphia Orchestra, Salzburg and Bayreuth Festivals. Conducted Metropolitan Opera premieres of I Vespri Sicilian! (Verdi), The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny (Weill), Lulu (Berg), Porgy and Bess (Gershwin), Le Rossignol (Stravinsky), Idomeneo, Louisiana Clemenza di Tito (Mozart).
Conductor Salzburg Festival premiere of Schonberg’s Moses and Aaron 1987.
(- German pressings of the immense Sony Classical Masters ...)
(Recorded live on May 19, 2013, this concert marked maestr...)