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James Aloysius Kleist

Clergyman , educator

James Aloysius Kleist, German clergyman, educator. Member Archeological Institute of America, Missouri Academy Science, American Philological Association, Linguistic Society America, Classical Association Middle West and South, Catholic Commision on Intellectual and Social Affairs, American Catholic Biblical Association, Classical Philology; member commission on New Testament translation.

Background

Kleist was born in the one of the villages which were later merged to form the town of Zabrze in the Kingdom of Prussia.

Education

Student high sch; studied asceticism, 1891-1892. Graduate Jesuit Normal School, Limburg, Holland, 1894. Studied philosophy and general.

Student of University Berlin, 1926-1927.

Career

For a year he taught at St. Ignatius High School in Cleveland, Ohio. Then, for four years, he lectured to the young Jesuits of the Buffalo Mission of the German Province. Missouri. In 1902 Kleist came to Saint Louis, where he worked on revising Kaegi's 1884 Greek primer.

Kleist joined with Joseph Lilly, C.M., to produce a more modern English translation of the Bible than the Douai Bible then in common usage among Catholics. Under their editorship the work was laid to produce to the Kleist-Lilly translation, published posthumously in 1956. It never gained widespread acceptance, though, and was later totally supplanted by the translations produced by the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, which culminated in the publication of the New American Bible in 1970.

Works

  • Other Work

    • Author: First Lessons in Greek, 1903. Advanced Lessons in Greek, 1904. Aids to Latin Prose Composition, 1912.Hints on Latin Style, 1912. Practical Course in Latin Prose Composition (2d edits.), 1914. The Memoirs of St. Peter, 1932.Gospel of St. Mark, 1936. Translator: The Dream of Scipio (Somnium Scipionis), 1915. Editor and translator: The Epistles of St. Clement of Rome and St. Ignatius of Antioch (Vol.I, Ancient Christian Writers), 1946. The Didache, Epistle of Barnabas, Epistles and Martyrdom of St. Polycarp, The Fragments of Popias, Epistle to Diognetus (also Ancient Christian Writers). Adapted A. Kaegi’s Grammar of Classical Greek, for American schools, 1903.

Membership

Member Archeological Institute of America, Missouri Academy Science, American Philological Association, Linguistic Society America, Classical Association Middle West and South, Catholic Commision on Intellectual and Social Affairs, American Catholic Biblical Association, Classical Philology. Member commission on New Testament translation.

Connections

father:
James Kleist

mother:
Barbara (Gierend) Kleist