Wilson attended the public schools and Weatherford College. He was graduated from the law department of the University of Texas at Austin in 1896.
He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Weatherford, Texas. He served as assistant prosecuting attorney of Parker County 1898-1900 and prosecuting attorney 1902-1908. He served as chairman of the Democratic county executive committee 1908-1912.
He moved to Fort Worth in November 1912 and served as assistant district attorney of Tarrant County until July 1913.
United States attorney for the northern district of Texas from July 1913 to March 1917. Wilson was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-fifth and Sixty-sixth Congresses and served from March 4, 1917, to March 3, 1919, when he resigned.
He was appointed by President Woodrow Wilson as a judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas, serving from March 13, 1919, until his retirement in 1947. He died in Fort Worth, Texas, August 3, 1951, and was interred at Rose Hill Cemetery in Fort Worth.
In 1957 he was reinterred at Greenwood Memorial Park and Mausoleum in Fort Worth.
Clubs: Meadowbrook Country (president). Fort Worth.
Spouse Esther Elizabeth English, December 19, 1905, N.