Palmer, James Croxall was born on June 29, 1811 in Baltimore. Son of Edward and Catherine (Croxall) Palmer.
Graduate Dickinson College, 1829, medical course U. Maryland., 1833.
Commissioned assistant surgeon United States Navy, 1834. Served in Wilkes’ Antarctic exploring expedition, 1838-1842. Promoted to surgeon, 1842, in charge hospital Washington (District of Columbia) Navy Yard.
Served on steam frigate Niagara (employed in laying 1st Atlantic cable), 1857. In charge medical service Naval Academy, Newport, Rhode Island, 1861-1862. Fleet surgeon West Gulf Blockading Squadron under Admiral Farragut, 1863-1865.
In charge Naval Hospital, Brooklyn, 1866-1869, medical director, 1871. Surgeon general United States Navy, 1872-1873. Author: The Antarctic Mariner’s Song (poem), 1868.
Married Juliet Gittings, May 22, 1837, 2 children.