Bachelor cum laude, Ohio State University, 1980. Master of Arts, Ohio State University, 1991. Juris Doctor cum laude, Harvard University, 1983.
Intern Department Defense, Washington, 1980. Associate Chandler, Wood, Harrington & Maffly, San Francisco, 1983-1987, partner, 1988-1989. Teaching associate Ohio State University, 1990-1991.
Private practice Law Offices of James D. Pawlik, Cleveland, 1991-1993. Independent contractor Gallagher, Sharp, Fulton & Norman, 1992-1993. Judicial law clerk to Honorary Robert J. Krupansky United States Court Appeals (6th circuit), since 1993.
Instructor history and political science Cuyahoga Community College, Parma, Ohio, since 1993. Instructor department political science Lourdes College, Sylvania, Ohio, 1993. Co-founder, co-owner Vicar Sauce Company Ltd., since 2000.
Reader Associated Press European history exams University Nebraska, Lincoln, 2003. Adjunct instructor department political science Baldwin-Wallace College, Berea, Ohio, since 2004.
Campaign manager for city council candidate, Westerville, Ohio, 1977. Board trustees Midpark High School Alumni Association, since 1999, vice chair, since 2000. Member Federal Bar Association, Mensa, Ohio State University Alumni Association, Harvard Alumni Association, Ohio State University Undergraduate Student Government Alumni Association, Berea Fine Arts Club, Cleveland Council World Affairs, City Club Cleveland, Rock Hall of Fame and Museum,Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, Phi Alpha Theta.