Bachelor of Medicine, ChB, University Edinburgh, Scotland, 1940. Doctor of Medicine, University Edinburgh, 1959. Diploma in Psychological Medicine, London University, 1948.
House surgeon Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, 1941. Assistant physician Royal Edinburgh Hospital, 1946-1951. Consultant psychiatrist, deputy physician superintendent Glasgow (Scotland) Royal Mental Hospital, 1951-1959.
Honorary senior lecturer University St. Andrews, University Dundee, 1959-1982. Consultant psychiatrist British National Health Service, 1951-1982. Second opinion doctor Mental Welfare Commission for Scotland.
Surgeon lieutenant Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, 1941-1946.
Fellow Royal Society Medicine, Royal College Physicians Edinburgh (senior fellow club), Royal College Psychiatrists (founder, examiner for membership). Member Society Psychical Research (council).