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James Gilchrist Benton Edit Profile

army officer

James Gilchrist Benton, American army officer.

Background

Benton, James Gilchrist was born on September 15, 1820 in Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States. Son of Calvin and Mary (Gilchrist) Benton.

Education

Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1842.

Career

Brevetted Second lieutenant United States Ordnance Corps, 1842, second in command Lieutenant, 1847, First lieutenant, 1848, captain, 1856. Instructor ordnance and gunnery United States Military Academy, 1857-1861. Principal assistant to chief of ordnance, 1861-1863.

Commanded Washington Arsenal, 1863-1866. Major, 1863, brevetted lieutenant colonel and colonel, 1865. Commanded National Armory, Springfield, Massachusetts, 1866-1881.

Promoted lieutenant colonel, 1874, colonel, 1875. Inventor electro-ballistic chronograph for determining velocity of shells, a velocimeter, a spring dynamometer, a cap-filling machine, made improvements on Springfield rifle.

Connections

Married Catherine Webb, August 17, 1859.

father:
Calvin Benton

mother:
Mary (Gilchrist) Benton

spouse:
Catherine Webb