Bachelor of Science, United States Military Academy, 1933. Graduate, National War College, 1952.
Commissioned Second lieutenant United States Army, 1933, advanced through grades to general, 1967, Commander armored regiment in (Patton's 3rd Army), World War II, 1951, staff officer Korea, 1951, member Korea, 1957-1959, United States commandant in Berlin during Autobahn crisis, 1963, commanding general Frankfurt, Germany, 1964-1966, Heidleberg,, Europe, 1966-1971, retired, 1971. Consultant industry and research agencies including Army Materiel Command System Analysis Agency.
President Army Emergency Relief Society, 1971-1992. Member Society Cincinnati, Order Carabao, Washington Institute Foreign Affairs, Army War College Alumni Association, United States Horse Cavalry Association (president 1977), Chevey Chase (Maryland) Club, Army-Navy Club (Washington).
Married Josephine Leavell, November 7, 1936. Children: Josephine W. Polk Schwartz, Junior, James Hilliard III.