Log In

James Milton Carroll

Clergyman , educator

James Milton Carroll was an American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, author, and educator.


Carroll, James Milton was born on January 8, 1852 in Monticello, Arkansas, United States. Son of Benajah and Mary Eliza (Mallard) Carroll.


Despite leaving school at a young age, he attended Baylor University at Independence in 1873 and graduated after five years of intensive study, winning scholarships and oratory awards.


James Milton was one of twelve children born to Benajah and Mary Eliza (Mallard) Carroll. Born near Monticello, Arkansas, he moved in 1858 at age six with his family to Burleson County, Texas. Carroll was orphaned by age seventeen.

He later served as secretary and statistician for the Convention. He pastored churches in Anderson, Corpus Christi, Lampasas, Taylor, Waco, and San Antonio. Active as an educator, Carroll helped found and was the first president of San Marcos Baptist Academy.

He later served as the founding president of Oklahoma Baptist University in Shawnee, paying off the university's debt with his own funds, followed by service as president of Howard Payne University in Brownwood, Texas. In addition to education, Carroll held various other positions. He was the solicitor for the Texas Baptist and Herald and served as an agent for the Southern Baptist Foreign Mission Board in Texas.

Carroll worked as the financial agent for Baylor College (now the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor) and the endowment secretary for Baylor University. The Trail of Blood promoted the Landmarkist view of Baptist origins, a movement that developed in the mid-nineteenth century among Tennessee and western congregations, and had lasting influences. B.H. Carroll also worked with the Waco Baptist Association and facilitated the move of Baylor University to the Waco location.

James Milton Carroll died in Fort Worth. He was buried in San Antonio.


Married Sudie Eliza Womble, December 22, 1870.

Benajah Carroll

Mary Eliza (Mallard) Carroll

Sudie Eliza Womble