Bachelor magna cum laude, Pepperdine University, 1981. Master in Public Policy, Claremont Graduate University, 1984.
Management system analyst, administrative assistant 1 department water and power City of Los Angeles, 1985. Budget analyst, administrative assistant II Department General Services, 1986—1987. Budget analyst United States House Representatives, Committee on Budget, 1988—1990, counsel Washington, 1990—1994, chief counsel, 1995—2000, deputy staff director, chief counsel, 2001—2004, chief of staff, since 2005.