Sudre studied at Ecole de Cinématographie in Paris and at Institut des Hautes Etudes Cinématographiques (1942-45).
In 1980 Sudre was teaching the history of photography at Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Marseille. Previously he was creator and animator of "Stage Experimental Photographique" in Paris (1968-72), and worked with the French magazines Réalité, Connaissance des Arts and L’Oeil, among others. From 1946 to 1948 he was an illustrative photographer. From 1948 to 1950 the photographer worked in 30 x 40cm format, shooting still lifes. Since 1950 he has concentrated on such subjects as landscapes, suns and "apocalypses," all of which he describes as "matériographies."
Sudre belongs to SPE, Rencontres d'Arles in France, and Fondation Nationale de la Photographie in Lyon, France. He was honorary president of the Photo-Club des 30 x 40 in Paris