Diploma, Ecoles de Hautes Etudes Commercials du Nord, Lille, France, 1989. Diploma in accounting and finance, London School of Economics, 1989. Master of Business Administration, University of California at Los Angeles, 1991.
Senior finance analyst Mattel Toys, El Segundo, California, 1991. Vice president international institutional sales Compagnie Financière de Counter Intelligence Corps, Paris, 1992-1994. Institutional salesman, vice president Sanford C. Bernstein, New York City, since 1994.
Brigadier French Mountain Rescues, 1985-1986.