Bachelor of Science, Russell Sage College, 1947. Attended, Pratt Institute, 1949—1950. Master of Arts in Medicine, University Rochester School Medicine and Dentistry, 1955.
Postgraduate, University Pennsylvania, 1955—1956. Postgraduate, University Pennsylvania, 1980. Postgraduate, University Pennsylvania, 1995.
Master of Fine Arts in Painting, University Pennsylvania, 1973. Master of Arts (honorary), University Pennsylvania, 1973.
Exhibitor Pratt Institute Galleries, Brooklyn, 1958, New York Medical College, 1958, Association Medical Illustrators, 1961—1986, American Medical Association, New York City, 1965, Philadelphia, 1965, Australian Computer Society, Atlantic City, 1965, Research Study Club Los Angeles, 1966, Philadelphia Art Alliance, 1967, 1973, University Pennsylvania Alumni Ophthalmological Association, 1967—1968, Cayuga Museum History and Art, 1968, Pensacola Art Center, 1969, Federal Aviation Administration Aeronautical Center, Oklahoma City, 1970, Scheie Eye Institute, 1972—1975, Association Medical Illustrators Traveling Salon, 1978, Moore College Art, 1985, Museum American Illustration Society Illustrators, 1986, Mutter Museum, Philadelphia College of Physicians, 1990—1992, Axis Gallery, 1992. Represented in permanent collections Archives of Medical Visual Resources, Francis A. Countway Medical Library., Harvard University, Mutter Museum, Philadelphia College Physicians. Memoirs and papers housed The Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library.
History Women in American, Radcliffe College. Contributing illustrator Adler's Textbook Ophthalmology, 8th edition, 1969. Illustrations in medical books, journals, pharmaceutical house publications.
Instructor Pembroke College Brown University, 1947—1949. Department head Kimberley School, Upper Montclair, New Jersey, 1950—1952. Freelance medical illustration Studio New York Medical College, 1956—1960.
Instructor Pratt Institute, 1958—1959. Medical artist in ophthalmology, 1960—1961. Assistant instructor in medical illustration in ophthalmology, 1962—1965.
Associate in medical illustration University Pennsylvania School Medicine, 1965—1972. Tenured sole artist history school medicine, research assistant professor medical art in ophthalmology, 1972—1985. Research assistant professor emeritus, since 1985.
Independent studio (fine art) painting and medical illustration, since 1985. Guest lecturer Johns Hopkins Medical School, 1973, National Institutes of Health. Guest artist United States Air Force, Air Force Academy and North America Air Defense, 1971.
Member of Faculty Club University Pennsylvania, Women's Caucus Art, College Art Association, Society Illustrators (certified merit 1986), Association Medical Illustrators (chairman nominating committee 1972-1973, vice chairman board governors 1973-1974, chairman board 1974-1975, selection committee, advisory council Vesalius Trust since 1990, Ralph Sweet, Tom Jones awards since 1989).