Master of Science, Institute Pasteur, Paris, 1978. Doctor of Philosophy, F. Clermont University, 1984. Doctor of Medicine, Bordeaux University, 1974.
Extern University Hospital, Bordeaux, 1966-1973. Research assistant Institute Pasteur Tunis, Tunisia, 1974-1975. Intern University Hospital, French Guyana, 1975-1976.
Researcher Institute Francais Research and Development, Bangui, Africa, 1977. Guest researcher Special Pathogen branch Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, 1977-1979. Laboratory chief Institute Pasteur Bangui, Republican Centre Africaine, 1979-1987.
Laboratory chief, chief of service Institute Pasteur, Dakar, Senegal, 1988-1992. Research director Institute Research and Development, Paris, since 1992. Visiting professor department epidemiology public health Yale Medical School, New Haven, 1992-1997.
Visiting professor department microbiology Institute Sciences and Technology Center for Vaccine Development Mahidol University, Thailand, since 1997.
Married Daniele Fayet, June 1, 1976 (divorced 1993). Children: Galatee, Gerald, Gwendolen. Married Marie Ann Elizabeth Manus, March 24, 1995.
1 child, Soukaina.