Doctor of Medicine, University Paris Sud, 1976. Doctor of Philosophy in Pharmacology, University Paris Sud, 1994.
Physician, Hospital of Paris, 1983; staff anesthesiologist, Hospital of Bicétre, France, since 1979; head Anesthesia Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Hospital of Bicétre, France, since 1986.
Member Society Française d'Anesthésie et Réanimation, European Society Anesthesiology.
Married Hélène Péan, November 29, 1969. Children: Frédéric, Lucie.