Bachelor in History, College William and Mary, 1980.
Legislation director, chief staff to representative Tom Bliley, Virginia, 1985—1992. President Smokeless Tobacco Council, 1992—1998. Senior vice president Maguire Woods Consulting, 1998—2001.
Government relations consultant, self owned business, 2001—2004. Director to vice chairman staff, Republican staff director United States Senate Joint Economic Committee, 2004—2006, Republican staff director, since 2007.