Bachelor of Arts, Rhodes U., South Africa, 1947; Master of Arts, Oxford (England) University, 1956; Doctor of Philosophy, Oxford (England) University, 1963.
Teacher, Kingswood College, South Africa, 1947-1950; tutor, Delegacy of Extra Mural Studies, University of Oxford, 1953-1957; research associate, African studies program Boston University, 1957-1964; visiting associate professor of history, University of California at Los Angeles, 1964; faculty, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, 1964-1991; professor of history, Wesleyan University, 1967-1991.
Served with S. African Army, World World War World War II. Member African Studies Association.
Married Valerie Joy de la Harpe, November 29, 1947. Children– Katherine, Peter, Jonathan.