Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service, Georgetown University, 1985. Diploma in Christian Studies, Regent College, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 1986. Postgraduate, Foreign Service Institute, Washington, 1987.
Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México in. Business Administration, Instituto Tecnologico Autonoma, Mexico City, 1991. Master in International Political Economic, Universidad de las Americas, 1992.
Internship, American Telephone & Telegraph Company International Division, 1984; with, International Telecommunications Satellite Organization, Washington, 1985; junior officer trainee, United States Information Agency, Washington, 1986-1987; assistant cultural attaché, United States Embassy in Argentina, Buenos Aires, 1987-1990; assistant press attaché for electronic media, United States Embassy, Mexico City, since 1990.