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Jerome Bonaparte Robertson

businessman , general , physician , army officer

Jerome Bonaparte Robertson, American physician, army officer. member Texas Senate from Washington County; member convention which passed ordinance of secession in 1861.

Background

ROBERTSON, Jerome Bonaparte was born on March 14, 1815 in Woodford County, Kentucky, United States, United States. Son of Cornelius and Clarissa (Hill) Robertson.

Education

Graduate in medicine Transylvania U., 1835.

Career

Orphaned at the age of twelve and penniless, he worked as a hatter in Union County, Kentucky, before studying medicine for three months at Transylvania University in 1835. By his marriage to Mary Elizabeth Cummins on May 4,1838, he had three children, one of whom was also a general in the Confederate Army. After her death, he married Mrs.

Harriet (Hendley) Hook in 1879. Robertson moved to Texas in 1835 and served as a captain in the Texas army during the war for independence. In 1837, he settled in Washington County, Texas, to practice medicine.

From 1838 to 1844, he was an Indian fighter, and in 1845, he moved to Independence, also in Washington County, where he developed a medical practice of some note. He also used his military reputation to gain political attention. Robertson was elected to the state House in 1848 and to the Senate in 1850.

He was a secessionist delegate to the state convention of 1861. When the Civil War began, he volunteered for service in the army. He served as a captain in the 5th Texas Infantry and rose to colonel by June 1862.

Robertson participated in the battles of the Seven Days, was wounded during the battle of Second Manassas in August 1862, but recovered sufficiently to fight at South Mountain in September before being promoted to brigadier general on November 1, 1862. The following July, he led Hood’s Texas Brigade, with whom he fought in some forty battles during the remainder of the war, including the battle of Gettysburg where he was again wounded. His clash with General James Longstreet, under whom he served at Chickamauga and during the Knoxville campaign, provoked a court martial trial, and Robertson was temporarily removed from command.

Robertson spent the rest of the war in Texas and Arkansas, in the Trans-Mississippi Department in command of the Reserve Corps. There is no record of his surrender. After the war, he practiced medicine in Texas until 1868.

In 1874, he was superintendent of the State Bureau of Immigration, and from 1879 to 1891, he was a promoter of west Texas railroads. In 1879, Robertson moved to Waco, Texas.

Religion

"Peculiar institution" of slavery was not only expedient but also ordained by God and upheld in Holy Scripture.

Politics

Stands for preserving slavery, states' rights, and political liberty for whites. Every individual state is sovereign, even to the point of secession.

Membership

Member Texas Senate from Washington County. Member convention which passed ordinance of secession in 1861.

Connections

Married Mary Elizabeth Cummins, May 4, 1838. Married second, Mistress.

father:
Cornelius Robertson

mother:
Clarissa (Hill) Robertson

spouses:
Mary Elizabeth Cummins

Mistress