Master of Arts in Economics, University Paris I. Master of Business Administration, European Institute of Business Administration (Institut Européen d'Administration des Affaires), Fountainbleau, France, 1978.
Manager Mellon Bank, Pittsburgh, 1979-1980. Vice president Middle East Gulf International Bank, Bahrain, 1980-1987. Vice president, head loan syndication Gulf International, London.
Finance director Transworld Metals, African Mineral Trading, London. Managing director Grexel Ltd., since 1997. Consultant NAZ Holding, Grexel Ltd., 1995-1998, NAdvoitsky Aluminum, Russia, 1995, Sibirski Alumni, Moscow, 1998, Government Guinea, 1997.
Married Jihane Raymond Zarka, February 14, 1981. Children: Joseph, Jean Marc, Jacques.