Bachelor in Political Science, Northwestern University, 1965. Master of Business Administration in Economics, Stanford University, 1967.
Assistant to coordinating architect Illinois Building Authority, Chicago, 1970-1972. Special assistant to Governor Richard Ogilvie State of Illinois, 1972-1973. Vice president Wood Canyon Corporation, Tucson, 1973-1980.
Member Arizona State Senate from District 14, 1977-1983, majority whip, 1979-1980. Member United States Congress from 8th Arizona District, 1985—2007. Senior transatlantic fellow The German Marshall Fund (GMF), since 2007.
Senior advisory McLarty Associates, since 2007.
Trustee Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, Florida. Board directors Community Food Bank, Tucson. Republican precinct committeeman, Tucson, since 1974.
Served as lieutenant United States Naval Reserve, 1968-1969, Vietnam.