James Earl Carter Jr. was born on October 1, 1924, 11 Plains, Georgia. His father, James Earl, was a farmer and the proprietor of a small store in Archery. His mother, known as “Miss Lillian,” was a registered nurse. Jimmy grew up with plenty to do on his father’s farm. He “mopped” the family’s cotton crop with a mixture of poisonous arsenic, molasses, and water to drive off boll weevils, and he helped pick the cotton when it ripened. He picked peanuts, too, boiling them and then selling bags of them in Plains and earning himself about a dollar a day, a money-making venture that earned him the nickname “Hot,” short for “Hotshot.” It was an apt nickname. When he was a teenager, Jimmy expanded his little business and saved enough to buy four rental houses, which he eventually sold to buy an engagement ring for Rosalynn Smith.