Bachelor, University of Minnesota, 1951; Master of Arts, University of Minnesota, 1957.
Wire and sports editor, Rhinelander (Wisconsin) Daily News, 1951-1952; staff correspondent, night manager, United Press International, Minneapolis, 1952-1956; interim instructor, U. North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1957-1958; instructor, U. Florida, Gainesville, 1959-1965; assistant professor journalism, communications, U. Florida, 1965-1968; associate professor, U. Florida, 1968-1976; professor, U. Florida, 1976-1988; distinguished lecturer, U. Florida, 1977.
Active, Friends of Library., Alachua County Humane Society. Member Women in Communications, Association Education in Journalism, Phi Beta Kappa, Kappa Tau Alpha.