Bachelor, Hunter College, 1952. Master of Arts, Smith College, 1953. Doctor of Philosophy, Stanford University, 1962.
Instructor University Nebraska, Lincoln, 1953-1955, Indiana University, Fort Wayne, 1960-1961. Assistant professor English Western College, Oxford, Ohio, 1961-1965, professor English. Associate professor English Trinity College, Washington, 1967-1970.
Professor English University Pittsburgh, 1974-1992, retired, 1992.
Member Fulbright Society, Virginia Woolf Society, Phi Beta Kappa.
Married Louis Charles Schaefer (divorced). Children: Elizabeth, Laura.